WHAT IS TONGUE TIE?
A tongue tie is a membrane that is too tight under the tongue called a frenulum, this tight membrane can restrict tongue movement, and anchor the tongue down to the floor of the mouth, this can lead to breastfeeding difficulties.
Tongue tie can affect as many as 10% of babies born, maybe more.
Anterior tongue tie
Posterior Tongue tie
HOW CAN A TONGUE TIE AFFECT BREASTFEEDING?
Blanched or ‘lipstick’ shape
Small or narrow latch
Clicking sound during feeds
Seems unsatisfied after feed
Gumming or chomping on the nipple
Leaking milk from mouth during feeds
Gasping, coughing when milk comes
Slow to put on weight
If a tongue tie release is appropriate, this can be done during the same visit as the assessment. The assessment is done by evaluating the following:
Discussing your breastfeeding so far, establish patterns, and determine your breastfeeding goals
Assessesing how the baby latches and feeds: narrow latch, clicking, dribbling, suck-swallow-breath.
Examining inside the baby’s mouth, which may identify many problems such as oral thrush, lip tie etc.
Examining the frenulum under the tongue and its effect on tongue mobility and tongue function.
Evaluating the tongues movement, lift, restriction, cupping and extension.
We also weigh the baby and calculate the baby’s present rate on growth percentile.
Ideally you will have already been to an IBCLC lactation consultant for breastfeeding support, and in some cases your baby will have had a cranial therapy session.
If after assessment we feel there is a tongue tie causing difficulty, we will offer to release it. We will explain the procedure, and if you would like to go ahead with the tongue tie release, we will ask you to sign a consent form.
First, the baby is swaddled, then the tight membrane under the tongue, known as the frenulum, is snipped. This is called a tongue tie release, or frenotomy. This minimally invasive procedure takes seconds, and there may be just a few drops of blood, which usually stops as soon as the baby is latched on the breast, or by compression with a sterile gauze. If a lip tie is causing difficulties, this too can be released if necessary.
Often, there is an immediate improvement with breastfeeding, latch, suck, and relief in nipple pain. In other cases, improvements can be more gradual, from 3-4 days to a few weeks later.
AFTER THE PROCEDURE
We encourage gentle exercises and active wound care to encourage optimum tongue function and reduce the risk of reattachment. This is done in a very gentle and kind way, and should not upset the baby at all, if the baby is upset you should stop and sooth him or her.
The baby should be encouraged to make a deep latch at every feed (even at night when you’re really tired!), to use his/her new freedom in the tongue effectively, otherwise he or she may be inclined to continue making a shallow latch, and problems may persist.
Clear and easy instructions will be given after the procedure in order to:
Encourage effective tongue function
Optimise positions for a deep latch
Reduce or eliminate nipple pain
Promote optimal milk transfer
You will receive an individual plan regarding feeding, latch and follow up care.
Deirdre will follow up the day after the procedure with a telephone consultation to answer questions and give any necessary tips. She also offers a short personal consultation one week post-procedure, to assess the healing, maximise breastfeeding results, and release any significant reattachment of the frenulum if this has occurred (between 3-10% of cases). This follow-up is free of charge.
Deirdre has joined the Cork Children’s Clinic on the Model Farm Road, Cork, where therapists promote health and wellbeing in women and babies. Their services include such treatments as pregnancy physiotherapy, cranio-sacral therapy, osteopathy, and now also tongue tie assessment, and tongue tie release with breastfeeding support.
Appointments take place in the Cork Children’s Clinic on the Model Farm Road in Cork. Appointments can be made online by following this link
Tongue Tie Cork
Cork Children’s Clinic
Model Farm Road, Cork
Contact Deirdre on 083 8669209
For more information, you can visit these websites: